Language is both the unifying and diversifying forces that exist in human society. Speaker of the same language instantly feel a sense of brotherhood camaraderie while if we find our self in a place where our language is not spoken. A sense of insecurity creeps in.
There are approximately 452, languages that are spoken in India, and many dialects which falls under the sub tribes of the main language, we talk, listen, and think in our own language that has been shaped by our culture, experiences, profession, personality and attitudes. We simply cannot imagine without the existence of language. But there is a disjoint between the numbers of languages spoken in India and number of those that are approved by the Indian constitution.
The Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution contains a list of 22 scheduled languages. In 2003, 4 new languages, Bodo, Maithili, Dogri, and Santali – were added to the 8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution. Hindi as we know is the national language and English as a common language were every school in India practiced. In fact, other than these two languages we have our own mother tongue which is also considered one of the most important languages in the society. Northeast India particularly has several active dialects in use. But few are known to the outside world. For example, the main languages of Northeast India are Assamese, Nepali, Manipuri or Meiteilon, Kokborok or Tripuri, Nagamese, Mizo, Khasi, Garo, Bodo, Karbi, Dimasa, Mishing and Apatani, Bishnupriya Manipuri language and Rabha. Among the seven states of Northeast, Assam and Manipur languages has been included in the eight schedule of the Indian constitution. But under these main languages, there are many dialects too which are remaining unknown and which are endangered.
Therefore, choosing any single language as an official language presents serious problems to all whose “mother tongue” is different. However, non-Hindi speakers undergo considerable difficulties on account of language. In addition, a candidate appearing in an examination conducted for public service at a higher level is entitled to use any of these languages as the medium in which to answers the paper. But this can be only the language which is recognized by the constitution of India as listed in the Eight Schedule. Here the question arises, what about those people whose language are still remaining unknown to the world? This is a kind of language barrier for communication.
There are many brilliant people who wanted to compete for the civil exams, debate, live show or any other form of competition but they lost their interest merely due to language problem. People are forces to ignore their talent and lost their competitive spirit for this reason. If people are allowed to appear various competitive exams in their own language, perhaps they would feel encouraging and enthusiastic about the competition.
Language is the most respectable force of our life. We gain respect, obtain knowledge, communicate and bring into understanding through language. Through language we represents our identity, believe, attitudes. Languages itself has a lot of meaning to do with life. Some languages are describing endangered by the UNESCO and some are even predicted to be vanished. The part that describes the official language of the Indian democracy has to be written to promote a feeling of unity among Indian citizens.