Motorcycle stunt riding or simply stunting is on a rise in Shillong. Stunting is a motorcycle sport characterized by stunts involving acrobatic maneuvering of the motorcycle and sometimes the rider. Common maneuvers in stunt riding include wheelies, stoppies, burnouts, 360, circles and so on. Sport bikes and even normal bikes above 150cc have become a common vehicle for stunts.
The rage of zooming bikes is what was seen earlier on the city roads but now it has shifted to a whole new concept of stunt riding. The less travelled roads in the city have provided the young riders to stunt on. You can see a wheelie or stoppie being performed on the main roads too. Is this too dangerous for the rider? Is it a risk to the life of the pedestrians? Is it a sport or a crime? These are the questions surrounding the stunting scenario today.
Lack of place for stunts has prompted these much enthusiastic youth to opt for stunting on the common roads. The administration is trying to take action but every other day; you can see a stunt performed on the public roads. It has put the life of pedestrians at risk and itâ€™s high time, these stunters do not try to risk others life for their own passion.
Stunt riding has been going on in India for about around 6-7 years. And it started in Shillong around 3-4 years back with members of â€˜XBHPâ€™ trying with stunts. It was even more sensationalized and gained popularity among the Shillongites after â€œMTV Stunt Maniaâ€ had its audition in the city last year.Â Also it can be associated with the launch of some good bikes by Indian bike makers as well as the influence of foreign stunt videos on the internet. And, add to this a sense of competition in the minds of the youngsters over here, and you have the perfect combo for stunt riding spreading like virus all over the city.
Influenza is an acute viral disease of the respiratory tract caused by viruses A, B or C which antigenetically distinct and there is no cross immunity between them. While humans may be affected by all the 3 viruses, in lower animals and in birds influenza A virus is of primary concern. Influenza A viruses are divided into subtypes based on 2 glycoproteins(Haem Agglutinin and Neuraminadase antigens) present on the surface of the virus.There are 15 Haemagglutinin(H) antigens (1-15) and 9 Neuraminadase (N) antigens(1-9). While all 15 H subtypes readily infect the birds, viruses having any of H1, H2 or H3 and any of N1 or N2 only affect the human usually. In fact, H1N1,H2N2 and H3N2 subtypes of influenza A virus have been associated with most of the widespread epidemics and all the epidemics.
Antigenic drift: Frequent point mutations of the genes encoding 2 surface proteins of influenza A viruses result in emergence of variants which escape existing immunity to previously circulating influenza viruses in the population. This is responsible for the frequent regional outbreaks of influenza and necessitates annual reformulation of influenza vaccines.Antigenic shift : Subtypes from different species can swap or reassert genetic materials and merge resulting in a novel subtype different from both parent viruses. If the novel subtype has sufficient genes from human influenza viruses which make it readily transmissible from person to person, it may cause highly lethal pandemics. There is evidence that the human influenza viruses for the last 3 pandemics contained gene segments closely related to those of avian influenza viruses.
Pandemics:1889(H1N1). 1918 (H1N1): Estimated death 50 million deaths worldwide (7million in India).1957(H2N2): Estimated death 1-4 million worldwide. 1968(H3N2): Estimated death 1-4 million worldwide.
A grand, blessed, prosperous and many more wishes come with every New Year. Unsatisfied and almost devastated with every passing year, ennui in the tedium, however we all still happily and gracefully accept every coming year with all these high expectations in the air. A very interesting addition however come with this 2012, just like it used to be every four years around. 2012 is a leap year, bringing an extra 24 hours to all of us with it, but how many of us
Actually realize the importance and significance that these 24 hours can be, be it to our lives or more so the society, and the state as a whole!
Kaleidoscope 2011 is enough for all of us to imagine of what 2012 will bring about. Events and happenings during the last year speaks a lot of our inability and vulnerability. Revolts and Revolutions round the globe, movements and expressions around the country, they all speaks of the powers of our judiciary, vigilant of our media, the vocals of our intelligentsia and the strength of our governments and institutions. Sad but true, we in the state simply observes and stare silently and unwittingly at all these events, unready or unwilling to participate, contribute or be touched by all these events around.
Compared to many other countries or states in India, we definitely have to work hard to make our democracy a way of life for every citizen, high or low, urban or rural, educated or uneducated, where every citizen will feel that he or she is getting justice and also in time. We hope and pray that 2013 will bring an emancipator to us. There is still lack of accountability in our system, which saw the increasing dominant and influence of muscle and monetary power, marginalizing the depleting population of honest few and un-wealthier lot.
Whether arguments are healthy or unhealthy, it is better to leave it to an individual to decide. However, according to the general experiences, arguments have seldom reached a conforming situation and at the end of the day what is left are two sides with heavy hearts, feeling of anguish and a thought of isolation of not being understood. How would it be if an individual held their nerves a bit and tried to calmly understand what the other person was speaking? May be, instead of doing that he/she yelled back and tried to justify their situation, tried to make their points clear by showing and stating how difficult it is to make the person across understand. When arguments arise one almost always wish the other person to change. Don’t they? And it is always easier to do so.
Listening could help, however it can only help if one intends to listen in order to understand the words exchanged and not with the intend to reply. Most of the times when we speak, we speak because we have to. Because we have a view on the topic even if it lacks any deep understanding, we speak because we might have formed an opinion which might be right or wrong. ‘Seeking first to understand then to be understood’ principle can go a long way in improving the outlook and communication of individuals. Applying this rule when is about to exchange harsh words with someone will help to be more thoughtful and shall to understand one’s perspective irrespective of the fact whether the individual themselves agree or not.
Every New Year, we expect this world to change for good, we expect people to be more kind, we expect societies to act more sensibly, and we demand government to act more thoughtfully. The days which are passing by are tough; it’s not easy to take a stand because there are so many forces acting around.
You might be nervous for the upcoming interview at your campus. You might be hovering over the fact that you still have to clear those back papers. You might be upset with your family because you think they don’t understand you, you might be angry at your friends because you think they have betrayed you, you also might be sad by the behavior of the society because you might think what they think is not right. You might be affected by the economic situation of the country and also of the world.
Somewhere at the back of your head, you might also have the theory of the world coming to an end this year. Well some of the situation is quite right to think while some are just making you worried for nothing, if the world is to end tomorrow and if it is inevitable what could you and I for that matter possibly do? There are many things in life that we are just worried about, however, we can’t do much about it. We don’t have the power to influence on the outcome of some events in life yet we worry about them every moment of our life, they have more or less become the centre of our life.
Moreover, we dedicate most of our times thinking about the problems rather than striving for the solutions.