The Reverse Disability Factor

Written by Meghalaya Times. Posted in Writers Column

Nabarun Sengupta
The Theme for the International Day for Persons with Disabilities 2016 is : “Achieving 17 Goals for the future We Want, which draws attention to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and how these goals can create a more inclusive and equitable world for persons with disabilities”.
The theme for the year 2016 with interrogative contents is quite significant in pretext of 2007 UNCRPD mandate that marked a “paradigm shift” in attitudes and approaches to view persons with disabilities as “subjects” with rights,  rather than as “object” of charity, medical treatment and social protection. The 2007 UNCRPD mandate is the answer to the question raised in the 2016 Theme that has now specified 17 goals to be achieved by 2030 where the persons with disabilities shall be considered as the “subject” with rights who are capable of claiming those rights and making decisions for their lives based on their free and informed consent as well as being active member of society.

The period from 2007 to 2016 observed that the “paradigm shift” to view the persons with disabilities as “subject” with rights is not sufficient to address the duties and responsibilities of the society in reasonable way to part with a little portion of their rights to accommodate the rights of the persons with disabilities. The abled society understands the “object” and not the “subject” in the world of competition, superiority and the believers of the survival of the fittest.
The theme is the witness and recognises that the world is yet to give an inclusive and equitable environment to persons with disabilities to the desired extent. The primary reason is that the abled society could not yet come out of the prism of ability and recognizes only the ability in everything. This is influenced by the fact that the philosophy and the natural instinct of the entire living being of the world are based on the principle of “survival of the fittest”. Fittest are naturally recognised. Human beings are no exception to it. But in the subtle mind of the human being there exists another instinct that addresses the activities like conscience, quest, or capacity of reasoning, questioning, enquiry and the investigation of the truth. This made the human being different from other living beings. This has resulted in to put the 2016 theme to interrogative mode rather than to a conventional affirmative mode to touch upon the quest imbedded in the instinct of the subtle mind of the human being that can blow the answer in the wind as to how to create more a more inclusive and equitable world for persons with disabilities. Hope by 2030 the answer my friend, shall start blowin in the wind. 
The theme talked about the inclusive & equitable world for persons with disability. But the world in its own way, consciously or unconsciously, considers a PWD in two vertical part while awarding or rewarding the inclusive & equitable status to them as of now as below –
1st Part – The ability part of the PWD – World did started recognizing the ability part of the PWD but with considerable amount of contention and limitation.
World considers the performance and offer reward to the superior one amongst the given group of PWDs as token of acknowledgement of inclusive participation and to ensure equality.
For example – Special Olympic,  Abilympic, Reservation in employment, Right to education, self advocacy, support decision making group,  and many more supported by awarding and rewarding to the superior one.
The question remains –
Who can participate – The person having the physical and/or mental disability with marginal & moderate intensity generally can participate. The participation by severe & profound cases fades out. So the next question.
Who cannot participate – The persons having physical and/or mental disability with severe or profound intensity, when even science has no answer to reverse their disability generally finds it constrained to participate and in many cases cannot participate. Thus, when the world community tries to look at them through the prism of ability or performance or capacity developed by PWDs, the concept of inclusive participation and equality fades out.
Currently there exists a very little scope or rather no scope to put these severe & profound cases into the awarding and rewarding mechanism while ensuring inclusive participation and equality by the world community.
So it requires the world community to draw the attention on the disability part of the PWDs that leads the PWDs to remain non participatory, leave the aspect of equality.
2nd Part – The disability part of the PWD – World is not yet prepared to recognise the disability part of the PWD and following factors are contributing to it
World is looking at the disabled through the prism of ability.
World is apprehensive about the adverse effect on growth.
World is in competitive mode recognizes superiority in general.
World is in time & cost effective target mode 
World is moving from skill to super skill to professionalism.
World is following the dynamics of change, innovation, speed, quality etc. 
Hence the answer to the theme question as to how to create more inclusive and equitable world may lay in the following
Relative departure from collective ability for inclusion of PWD
Relative reversal of growth for inclusion of PWDs           
Relative reversal from optimum competitive & superiority mode
Relative reversal from the optimum time & cost  target affectivity
Relative reversal from the optimum skill & professionalism
Relative departure from the existing thought process and the attitude towards PWDs friendly dynamics of change, innovation, speed and quality
These reversal and departure is not for the individual but from the collective effort of the institutions, societies, communities, countries and world as a whole. Such process of departure and reversal from the optimum position in absence of PWDs required duly framed standard matrix for systematic inclusion of PWDs and ensuring the equitable position in various field of 17 SDGs agreed by various countries of the world.
To elaborate more on the standard matrix, it may be stated that the shortfall in the performance noticed in the collective efforts of the institutions, societies, communities etc, if any, due to this systematic inclusion of PWDs is required to be indemnified by adding the Reverse Ability Factor (RA Factor). 
Let us take the example of performance of (say) 100 units target by the two institutions “A” & “B” where
1.    Institution “A” is having 2 professionals, 2 skilled and 2 unskilled abled people and achieved 98 units out of 100 units. Short performance is due to 2 unskilled people  performed 100 units and
2.    Institution “B” is having 2 professionals, 2 skilled and 2 unskilled people but one each in professional, skilled and unskilled is persons with disabilities and 3 people are abled. In addition they have appointed one trainer for PWDs and 1 non participatory PWD. But the performance achieved is 94 units out of 100 units. Short performance is due to 3 PWDs 1 unskilled, 1 trainer and 1 non participatory PWD.
The reverse ability factor among the above two institution is
1.    Institution “A” = Nil
2.    Institution”B”= 3PWD+1trainer+ 1non participatory PWD = 5
Hence considering the reverse ability factor the, target is required to be set at (100+5) =105 Unites. So that the target net of RA Factor equitable to 100 units can be achieved.  Thus the participation and equitability is achieved as per the theme of 2016.
The RA Factor shall not only consider the less performance factor but where the PWDs are non participatory, the de facto participation need to be considered up to the extent of assured R&D support for reversal of the disability.
For example if in Olympic there are players participating and qualifying for award based on the performance, there should be the group of non participatory PWDs in each events. The highest and most critical PWD amongst the group in respective event shall also be regarded as the award winning candidate. This will not only remain limited to awarding to PWD but also need to be supported by assured R&D to find the cure for reversal of the disability.
The RA Factor thus shall cover absorbing short performance by the PWDs, the extra cost to institution etc that are required to develop the infrastructure  and R&D support for reversal of disability. No doubt the RA factor is required to put under time tested mechanism and expectedly the RA Factors shall become matured and acceptable by 2030 the target period assigned to implement the 17 points SDGs, which appears to be strange in present day as it is considering the disability & in capabilities that are the condition in a person with disabilities. 
The calculation shown above is just an example and not based on any standard matrix. The RA Factor shall vary from case to case. Thus the systematic standard matrix is required to be developed and collective forces like institutions, societies, communities etc. are required to make necessary disclosures for type of RA Factors adopted. The statutory position shall be required to ensure adopting the RA factor.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) 2015
The SDGs are 
-    A set of Goals for the World’s future, through 2030
-    Backed up by a set of 169 detailed Targets
-    Negotiated over two-years period at the United Nations
-    Agreed to by nearly all the World’s nations, on 25th Sept 2015
What is new and different about the 17 SDGs
First and most important, these Goals apply to every nation and every sector, Cities, business, schools, organizations, all are challenged to act. This is called UNIVERSALITY
Second, it is recognised that the Goals are all inter-connected, in a system. We cannot aim to achieve just one Goal. We must achieve them all. This is called INTEGRATION
And finally, it is widely recognised that achieving these Goals involve making a very big, fundamental changes in how we live on Earth. This is called TRANSFORMATION
Let’s take a tour to 17 SDGs considering the above
1.    End poverty in all its form everywhere
2.    End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
3.    Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
4.    Ensure inclusive and quality education for all and promote lifelong learning
5.    Achieve gender equality and empower women and girls
6.    Ensure access to water and sanitation for all
7.    Ensure access to affordable sustainable and modern energy for all.
8.    Promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth employment and decent work for all
9.    Built resilient infrastructure, promote sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
10.    Reduce inequality within and among countries
11.    Make cities inclusive, safe resilient and sustainable
12.    Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
13.    Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
14.    Conserve and sustainably use the oceans seas and marine resources 
15.    Sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, halt and reverse land degradation, halt biodiversity loss
16.    Promote just, peaceful and inclusive society
17.    Revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development
Each goal is important in itself…. And they are all connected.


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