David Blah and Victor R. Wanrap
The period of adolescence, a developmental stage between childhood and adulthood,is characterized by number of transitions and profound changes- from their bodies to their sense of identity. James Gross (2014), a prominent psychologist who specializes in the area of emotions and emotional development stated that during this stage, adolescents go through significant emotional developmentalchanges and experiences emotionally challenging situations that typically become more intense and frequent. One can easily recall our own adolescent experiences or observe those who are still sailing the adolescent seas. It is a period of both wonder and exploration on one hand and confusion and coercion on the other.
David Blah and Victor R. Wanrap
Kit Kupar War
In light of the recent spate of sexual assault cases being reported in many parts of India including Meghalaya, there is an urgent need to address this difficult issue. A very old problem in our country is the conduct of sexual environment which is highly unwanted and at the same time humiliating. This problem has persisted in our country for years. This kind of behaviour does not have a particular term to it as the victims of this behaviour who have made some of their grievances are recognized to have mostly been unheeded or hushed. As for the term “Sexual Harassment” known to people, it came to limelight only in the 1970’s. This matter is a global issue in all the cultures of the world as evidenced in several United Nations reports as well as other international and national human rights agencies. The International Labor Organization (ILO) reports that Sexual Harassment is an absolutely clear means of Sexual Discrimination which is purely on the basis of gender, which also includes unequal powers given to men and women (Sexual harassment at work: National and international responses, Conditions of Work and Employment Series No. 2, 2005).
In the stress of everyday life, we often want a small gap when we can take a break from everything and simply be ourselves. Our daily life is full of anxiety and tension that we often fail to appreciate the smaller things in life. We are often so muddled up with thinking about others that we finally lose ourselves in the whole process.
However, the secret to a happy, healthy life is to stay connected with your inner self and knowing who you are above everything else. As the old maxim says, ‘All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy’.
In today’s existence of constant competition and pressure we have an urge to perform excellently in every avenue of life. We take this up as an obligation to reach to the skies. There is a flipside to this, which leaves us broken and dispirited. Each one of us would have experienced a time in our lives when we feel extremely low. We are heroic by nature and bounce back to normal after sometime. But there are times when this feeling lasts longer, and it becomes our second nature. It takes the form of depression and we see negative everywhere and in everything. But this is only the beginning. Chronic or constant depression leads to weaker immune system, increased anxiety levels, poor skin, blood pressure problems, hormonal imbalance etc.
In 2016, the Indian government recognised "autism" as a disability, with the passage of the Rights of Persons with Disability Act 2016. With this came the guarantee of rights, reservation and protection for those suffering with it.
Before this landmark bill, the behavioral disorder for the longest time has remained a misnomer as mental retardation. Notions are changing and awareness about the disorder is on the rise, but in our country, we are yet far behind in basics.
The first basic, being the lack of official figures to corroborate, on how wide and vast the problem is? The numbers are an important aspect to understand how wide is the problem spread and to bring in the right kind of intervention.
Moving further to the second basic and the most important one, is the essential intervention and treatment, where our country is lagging.
In simple terms, Autism is a neurological disorder, which can be detected as early as 18 months of age, when the child fails to establish eye contact, does not respond to human touch and is engaged in repetitive behaviors.