Meghalaya is one of the unique states carved out from Assam without shedding a single drop of blood. It was the All Party Hill Leaders Conference (APHLC) which carved out Meghalaya from Assam.
APHLC was formed on July 6, 1960, to press for the demand to have a separate state called Meghalaya. In the General Elections of 1962, APHLC won 11 of 15 hill MLAs seat and also won the only parliamentary seat. The final blow to the patience of APHLC leaders was the passing of Assam Official Language Act, following which, APHLC MLAs resigned from the Assam Assembly on October 24, 1962. The action was rewarded with the statehood on January 21, 1972, since than Regional Political Party has always been the largest segment of state Assembly.