India claims that the Goss Domestic Product (GDP) per capita reached 1,974.76 USD in March 2018, compared with 1,751.85 USD in March 2017. At the same time, a study has stated that India has around 600 million young people, with over sixty percent of them being educated youth, while the remaining are either drop - outs, daily wage labours or illiterate, yet all have one common goal which is to get a job. In spite of this, the Lawmakers, instead of generating employment avenues, are accusing each other of an incapability to solve the chronic problems of the youth to earn a decent living.
Talking to a media in Delhi on July 2, 2018, Prime Minister, Narendra Damodardas Modi laughed it off on being informed that the Opposition pointed out the unfulfilled assurance of Modi to provide jobs during his election campaigns in 2014. He added that the opposition has been painting a picture of “their choice” on the job front because there is no sufficient data available on employment.
Modi justified this by saying that more than a lack of jobs, the issue is a lack of data on jobs, hence the opponents will naturally exploit this opportunity to paint a picture of their choice and blame the ruling government. As such, he does not blame the opponents regarding the issue of jobs, after all no one has an accurate data on jobs.
The Prime Minister further painted the picture showing the numbers for employment of more than 41 lakh formal jobs being created from September 2017 to April 2018 based on Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) payroll data. According to a study based on EPFO data, more than 70 lakh jobs were created in the formal sector last year. Modi has further pointed out that job creation in the formal sector could have a “spinoff effect” on job creation in the informal sector too, which constitutes around 80 per cent of all jobs.
Modi proudly claimed that if 41 lakh jobs were generated in the formal sector in eight months, how much would be the total of formal plus informal sector jobs. He also said that in just one year, 48 lakh new enterprises got registered which is likely to result in more formalisation and better jobs.
He also claimed that more than 12 crore loans have been given under Mudra Yojana while asking if it is unfair to expect that one loan would have created or supported means of livelihood for at least one person? Also, more than one crore houses have been constructed in the last one year; how much employment would this have generated? If road construction has more than doubled per month, if there is tremendous growth in railways, highways, airlines, what does it indicate? Is it possible without employing more people in equal proportions? Modi challenges his opponent for accusing him for not able to provide job during his tenure.
Whereas, Modi blamed a “lack of consistency” in the political debate around job creation and pointed out that if state governments are claiming to have created lakhs of jobs, how could it be that Centre was not creating any jobs? Whereas, there are close to three lakh village-level entrepreneurs who are running Common Service Centres across the country and also creating more employment. Start-ups are working as job multipliers and there are around 15,000 start-ups, which the government has helped in some way, and there will be many, more operational. Aggregators of various kinds employ thousands of youth.
All such claims by the Prime Minister have also exposed that the Employment Exchange in respective states are not at all functional, they are also not creating any sensitizing programme to attract the educated youths to registered in the government agency, as in most cases, either the campus recruitment conducted by various companies, Multinational Corporation – MNC, or Business Process Outsourcing (BPO) are picking up the students of professional courses, while the rest are simply filling up forms of employment in government offices.
Modi has also acknowledged that the traditional matrix of measuring jobs is “simply not good enough to measure new jobs in the new economy of New India”, and underlined that this does not take into account the “interests and aspirations of our youth”.
Yet there is no attempt made to take advantage of the Digital India flagship programmes to rectified the Traditional Matrix system to be digitized, so that the Pan India vacancy in government job, MNC, BPO or cooperation will be available at a click of mouse, that way more applicants, means more competition for the same job which will surely result in the tapping of the best of Human Resources, that way India can absorb more youths and further enhance the GDP of the nation.
It is time for the general masses to demand all political parties to work out a blueprint for creating employment in every general election, more than the manifestoes most political parties release during election, and after election the same are never reflected upon. Every government in power will develop Common Minimum Programmes in the coalition government, which is the style of the contemporary government both in states and the centre.
The electorate should put a stop all political parties joyfully piggy-back on unemployed youth for political scores, and force them to put their minds together to generate employment. Their respective manifestoes should have a mention of how will they generate job avenues. It is only then that India can eradicate poverty by providing employment and improve the economic condition of the nation.