India has, today, become the nation of the most unemployed in the world. In the inclusive growth index India is at number 60, far behind the neighboring countries, states the study by Labour Bureau statistics. On the economic development front, inequality and increasing unemployment is the biggest challenge for the fast emerging India. Self-employment opportunities are declining in the country and jobs are continuously decreasing.
According to another report from Oxfam, the Widening Gaps: India Inequality Report 2018', economic inequality in India is increasing rapidly. In the country’s GDP, 15 percent of the wealth has been made, while the share was 10 percent five years ago.
India is the second largest country in the world in terms of population. About 65 percent of the population in the country has an average age of less than 35 years. Such a large young population could be our strength, but due to lack of adequate employment in the country, a large number of youth are unemployed. According to data from the Economic Cooperation and Development Organisation, the number of young unemployed in the country is very high. This is causing the feeling of dissatisfaction in the society.
As Indian born Sri Srinivasan took an oath on a copy of the Bhagvad Gita (holy book) while becoming a Judge in United States Supreme Court, the nation was jubilant. He is one of the many Indians who have made it to very high ranking offices abroad. Many multinational companies are headed by Indians and a study shows that there are as many as 38 percent Indian doctors serving in US. Another 38 percent NASA scientists are Indians. 36 percent Microsoft employees are Indians and IBM’s total work force includes 28 percent Indians. However, back home in India, we are fighting for quotas, reservations due to stiff competition and saturation of government jobs.
Strangely, both the government and the general masses alike are proudly boasting of Indians heading a number of companies abroad, not understanding that some of the country’s most talented people could have been developing India but are now actually serving other countries. It is either due to lack of scope for growth or total failure to tap the best Human Resources available.
The ambitious Make in India flagship programme of Prime Minister, Narendra Damodardas Modi has totally failed to retain the best brains of the nation, besides failing to attract them to return to India and serve the nation.
It may be mentioned that currently, the eight northeastern states besides Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir and Uttarakhand have the special category tag. In these states, the funding pattern for central schemes is in the 90:10 ratio where 90 percent of the total expenditure is borne by the Centre while ten percent is contributed by the state.
Meghalaya is a youth dominated state as is seen in the rest of India. In a country where 51 percent of the population is under the age of 25 years, the enrolment figures in various educational establishments touches nearly ten million students annually. A similar number of graduates, post-graduates and technical graduates are added to the society Pan India every year and this hill state too needs to find its own footing in the world of competition.
The youth from this area need to be motivated to voluntarily join skill development programmes. The central government project - National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) has a special STAR scheme that has been initiated to boost employability and productivity of youth by providing them monetary incentives to voluntarily join an approved skill training course that is certified by the Sector Skill Councils, but there are hardly any takers from Meghalaya. This is not because the youth are not interested; it is simply because of the scarcity of trainers as prescribed by the schemes.
On the assumption that NSDC can reach out to about ten lakh youth through motivation, vocational training plays a critical role as the traditional instruction being carried out in various educational education simply produces graduates who are unemployable and unproductive, unable to take part in the recently introduced Make in India schemes to boost economy of the nation, as the Babus and the bureaucrats produced through colonial designs can only take instruction and seldom are visionaries who are autonomous in their working methods.
The failure to kick start any of the NSDC schemes here in Meghalaya is due to a lack of professionals with skills, starting from educational institutions. Most of the universities across India will only recruit teachers with a minimum of three years of industry knowledge on the subject to be taught in all professional courses. Here, most professional course teachers are fresh graduates or still pursuing their higher studies. How do we expect them to impart knowledge as demanded by the market?
The industries of the day require manpower on the job on day one, unlike in the past where the candidates can learn the skills on the job. Such a shortfall of skilled manpower due to conventional instruction in educational institutions coupled with reservation even in appointment of teachers has caused a disaster in Meghalaya with regard to producing unemployable and unproductive human resources, who only focus on government jobs.
Adding to the woes, the untrained section of the population will not even allow others who are intending to do so to acquire the skills, either due to the phobia of influx if the trainers are to be invited from outside, or unwillingness to compete with the rest of the nation if the youth have to go out for training or study.
Meghalaya has a long way to go to motivate our youth to change their perspective with regard to learning and employment, otherwise the new face of unemployment in the state of Meghalaya will be the fallout of untrained manpower and saturated government jobs which will only produce more unrest and conflicts within the society. It is time to think of multi-tasking of skills rather than specialization and reservation of quota.
Under such political blunders, how does one expect the best brains in India to survive in the midst of politicking? It seems that politics is the main stumbling block for the growth of the nation and is hampering the retention of the best brains available to serve our own nation.